3. Lolita



As Australia crept out of the depression of the 1920s and early 1930s, the Australian public found an interest with boating – sailing, speed boats, new outboard motors, and for a few, an appetite for large motor pleasure cruisers.  The first motor cruiser exhibited at the Sydney Royal Easter Show was in 1933.  The exhibition included the 36 foot cruiser Iolanthe built by the well-known boat builder Lars Halvorsen.  With more boat shows, the popularity of boating increased considerably with many shipbuilding yards unable to cope with the orders.  


By 1934, the Royal Motor Yacht Club (RMYC), with branches at Broken Bay, Newcastle and Port Hacking had 476 members with 97 motor cruisers, 61 speed boats and 12 outboards and a large number of unregistered vessels in the Club’s fleet. (6)


According to the editorial of the May 1935 edition of The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, (7) the 1934/35 season enjoyed greater success than any other sport since the passing of the depression.  The Editorial held the boom was because boating in Australia was considered the safest of all sports, kept families together, owning a boat was a ‘mark of distinction’, and that ‘by investing in a boat, a business man in Australia is going in for a new life’.


By 1936, the boating industry was enjoying prosperity.  Boat builders, engine firms, sail-makers, and paint manufacturers were said to have participated in the prosperity with the majority of firms working at high pressure.  Boatyards had enough work on hand to keep their staff fully occupied.  In 1937, Australian boat builders were the equal to any in the world, including the Sydney boat yards of; W L Holmes, Halvorsen’s, A G Williams of Drummoyne, Jack Robinson of Balmain, Walker and Kelshw of Rushcutters Bay, C Larsen at Gladesville Point, and the three yards of Cedric Williams, Jack Miles and G and H Solomons of Newport. (8)


A typical day at Halvorsen’s Neutral Bay boat yard with Argo, Sunbeam III, Dilio, Norena and Pollyanna moored alongside – c. 1935, 1936. (9)


It is not known when Lolita was launched or the name of her builder. (10)  However, it is known that in February 1932, Arthur Douglas Walker, the owner of Lolita, came 1st in the first general handicap race of 2 laps over 5 miles (8km) at the Royal Motor yacht Club of Broken Bay.  In the ‘Re-run General Handicap, Walker scraped home with Lolita, half a second in front of Wyvern’. (11)  It also appears that 1932 was the year Walker became Commodore of the Broken Bay Branch of the Royal Motor Yacht Club. (12)


A Report in The Sydney Morning Herald (13) records the opening of the 1933 Broken Bay Season and associated regatta off Saltpan as being one of the most successful.  One of the best features of the day was the race by ten cruisers from the parent club of Rose Bay in Sydney.  The course took the cruisers out of Sydney Harbour, past North Head and up the coast to Broken Bay, and to the club house at Newport at the southern end of Pittwater.  Miramar II, the flagship of Commodore Stuart F. Doyle, (14) recorded the fastest time of 2 hours 6 minutes for the voyage.


According to the reporter, the most imposing impression was of the ‘ceremonial procession’ by the visiting cruisers led by Miramar II sweeping past the flagship of Branch-Commodore Walker’s Lolita – complete with an 11 gun salute.


The first Lolita at the December 1937 Pittwater Regatta. She had been renamed Uralia in April 1937. (15)


It is not known when, or why, Walker decided he needed a new Lolita.  At the latest, it must have been in late 1935 or very early 1936.  Why is a mystery.  There is no information.  Perhaps he had outgrown his first Lolita, or as Commodore of the expanding Broken Bay branch of the RMYC, he needed a larger, more up to date vessel.  Perhaps he simply felt he had to keep up with Stuart F Doyle, still Commodore of Sydney’s Rose Bay branch of the RMYC and owner of the larger 75 foot Miramar II.


At the time, he had a choice of expert boat builders for his new Lolita – Halvorsens, who were constructing cruisers at Neutral Bay, W L Holmes of McMahons Point or other smaller builders around the shores of Sydney Harbour, or even J Williams and Sons at Bayview on Pittwater.  For whatever reason, Walker chose W L Holmes to construct his new Lolita.  It was an interesting choice given the notoriety of the Holmes family and business which had been managed by Reginald ‘Reg’ Holmes for several years.

*             *             *

The ‘Shark Arm Affair’


On Anzac Day 1935, a Tiger shark in the indoor swimming pool at the Coogee Aquarium Baths vomited.  Along with fish, it disgorged a rat, and a human arm.  The left arm was decorated with a tattoo of two tiny figures about 20cm tall facing each other in boxing gloves.  The arm also had a piece of manila rope around its wrist tied with a half-hitch knot.  It was evident, the arm had not been severed from the person’s body by the shark.  


To all appearances, Holmes was a pillar of respectability managing the family’s boat building business at Lavender Bay.   But for some years, Reg lived another life as a drug runner.  With his fast speedboats, he would often speed out through the Sydney Heads to collect packages of cocaine dropped from passing ships.  He was also a fraudster having defrauded building suppliers with an acquaintance – one James ‘Jimmy’ Smith, who he had engaged to build a block of flats at McMahons Point.  Reg was also in cahoots with his friend and business competitor, Albert Stannard, to whom he had mortgaged a life insurance policy in 1932 for £4,000. (16)  Together, Reg and Albert ran a scheme to defraud marine insurance companies on a ‘grand scale’.  In one episode, they purchased and over-insured an ocean going motor yacht – Pathfinder, which was looked after by Smith.  On a trip to the Central Coast, it sank, and the police became suspicious.  They interviewed the owners.  Unbeknown to the owners, Smith was also a police informer, and his days were numbered.


The police investigated the ‘shark arm’ as it had become known, and placed a photograph in the newspapers hoping someone would identify the tattoo.  It was not long before the arm was identified as belonging to Smith.  The police did not take long to track down an acquaintance of Smith named Brady, who had been seen with Smith in a local Cronulla pub.  A taxi driver had dropped Brady at Reg’s home, and the police had a connection.


Of course, Reg denied he knew Brady, took one of his speed boats onto the Harbour and in full view of people on the shore, shot himself in the head.  He fell into the water.  But he botched the shot and survived.  The bullet failed to penetrate Reg’s skull.  He climbed back into the speed boat and sped around the Harbour eluding police for another four hours before finally surrendering two kilometres out to sea.  He admitted Brady had visited him with the ‘shark arm’ and that Brady had tried to blackmail him.  


Despite fearing for his life, Reg agreed to be a witness into the death of Smith.  Police offered a twenty-four hour guard at his home, but Reg rejected the offer.  


But in the early hours of the morning on the day before he was to testify at the inquest, Reg was found dead in his car near the Harbour Bridge at Dawes Point.  He had been shot through the heart.


His wife later testified, Reg had told her that night, he was going to meet Albert Stannard.  Another witness identified Stannard as the man who was seen walking away from Reg’s car on the evening Reg was killed.  Without Reg’s evidence, Brady was never convicted.  


Reg’s killer was never identified and in 1937, Albert Stannard purchased the Holmes boat building business. (17)

*             *             *

Lolita II


Despite the circumstances of the ‘Shark Arm Affair’, by September 1936, members of the RMYC visited the boatyard to inspect Walker’s new cruiser.  It was due to be launched within the ‘next few weeks’.  


Her ‘graceful lines’ won the admiration of visitors who complemented the Walker’s on her ‘new and original design’.  It was confirmed she would be powered by ‘twin “Grays” of 91hp each’, and be fitted with a further ‘Gray’ engine to power her ‘auxiliary lighting and hot water service plant’. (18)

By the end of 1936, the second Lolita was ready to launch.  The Saturday edition of The Telegraph informed the public of the pending launch, due for the following Monday.  The newspaper even included a diagram and details of the new vessel – 54 feet long (16.46m) with a beam of 13 feet (3.96m) and a draught of 3½ feet (1.06m) to be driven by the twin ‘six-cylinder “Grays” with reduction gears’. (19)


The following Monday evening, 31 November 1936, two hundred guests gathered for the launch of the new vessel.  The honour fell to Mrs. A D (Emily) Walker to break the champagne over the bow, name her Lolita and launch her, which she did ‘admirably’ to the applause and cheers of the guests.  


The following day, the Daily Telegraph recorded the launch of the ‘twin-screw bridge-deck cruiser’ represented a ‘step forward in marine design and craftsmanship’.  Readers were informed there was only one other cruiser of the type in the world, which had only recently been launched in Chicago. (20)


Perhaps Lolita had been designed in the United States which may explain the role of W L Holmes, as Halvorsens may have been reluctant to build a vessel designed by another naval architect.


Lolita II, as she was named at the time of the launching, was added to the register of the Broken Bay branch of the Royal Motor Yacht Club. (21)


A few weeks after the launch, The Sydney Morning Herald (22) described the cruiser, giving readers a glimpse of the lavish and opulent interior:


The Lolita was built by Australian craftsmen.  The lounges, bedrooms, kitchen, and other rooms are large and airy, and there is plenty of floor space.


In the forward part of the cruiser is the galley, with a gas stove with full-size oven, refrigeration, and all the refinements of a shore kitchen.


The dining saloon is aft of the galley, and is bright and commodious, the furniture consisting of sideboard, desk, wireless cabinet, lockers, etc., all being built-in.


A fireplace with a bas-relief carved mantel of the Endeavour sailing for Australia contains an electric radiator.  The flooring and upholstery are blue, with brown shades of tapestry.


From the saloon one enters the bridge deck, where the colour scheme is brown to match the polished maple woodwork which is relieved by the chrome fittings of the instrument panel and wheel.  Two tubby upholstered seats may be extended to provide full-size berths.  The planked caulked deck with the ports and vision windows completes a restful nautical layout.


From the bridge a passageway leads to the owner's state-room, on one side of which is a single guest cabin.  On the other side is the bathroom in primrose colourings.  A bath and basin are contained here, and one may have hot or cold fresh and salt water.


The owner's cabin is large and airy, and occupies the full width of the ship.  It is fitted with two full-width double berths, with ample locker space.  Two fitted wardrobes and dressing table, all built-in, complete the equipment.  The colour scheme is carried out in shades of green.’


In describing the vessel, the reporter explained ‘In the good old days, or possibly bad old days, yachts and launches were built for men’ and ‘little, if any, thought was given to comfort’.  But with this new vessel, that deficiency was being remedied as many of the new ‘small pleasure ships’ on Sydney Harbour were ‘virtually floating homes’.


The new Lolita. (23)


The Herald included photographs of the palatial interior saying, ‘The pictures of the interior reproduced on this page will give some idea of the artistic comfort of this cruiser.  Confined within a length of 54 feet (16.46m) and a beam of 13 feet 4 inches (4.06m), there is a modern kitchen, a bathroom, bedrooms, lounges, and a large bridge deck.  All the furnishings have been planned in the modern manner, with comfort as the basis.’



Bridge showing the companionway on the right to the forward cabin.



Owners cabin in the stern.


Engine compartment under the floor of the bridge.


Saloon complete with fireplace. (24)

Clearly, Lolita II was not a run-of-the-mill vessel.  Walker had set out to achieve the best, and set a standard for future ‘pleasure ships’.


A month later, Walker sailed her out of Sydney Harbour and up the coast to the 30th Annual Pittwater Regatta held on 26 December 1936.  While rain poured throughout the day casting a gloominess over the event, owners of luxurious cruisers, ‘were able to sit back, entertain large parties afloat and treat the weather with scorn’. (25)  Despite the conditions, almost three hundred craft from canoes and dinghies to ocean going motor yachts and expensive pleasure craft, assembled in the vicinity of Horseshoe Cove, Newport for the occasion.


Walker changed the name of his first Lolita to Uralia in April 1937, (26) and by mid-May, had sold her to Charles Henry Christmas. (27)  Walker renamed his new Lolita II, Lolita.


Easter 1937, saw the new Lolita with Walker at the helm, lead a fleet of thirty-two ‘cruisers’ up the Hawkesbury River to the Sackville Motor Boat Club.  As the ‘flagship’ rounded the corner approaching the club, a salute was fired.  The shore guns fired a salute in return.

The local newspaper (28) reported that for those who witnessed the fleet’s arrival, the occasion would live long in the memory of all.  The paper described the following Easter morning breaking clear and cloudless with the scene of cruisers coming around the sharp bend below the Sackville ferry as ‘indeed a memorable one’.  The fleet included vessels from several branches of the RMYC and included Esmeralda that would later join Lolita as a Channel Patrol Boat during the looming war.


Lolita at anchor.  Compare this photograph to the later photographs of her as HMAS Lolita. (29)


A month later, the newspapers recorded, Walker had a ‘change of luck’ when Lolitawith engines running perfectly’, he won two general handicap races defeating a number of other cruisers.  It was also noted that in the championship for cruisers from Broken Bay, Carinya had turned the tables on Lolita just before the finish. (30)  December 1937 found the Walkers and other guests in ‘residence’ on Lolita in Pittwater for the 31st Annual Regatta. (31)  The Women’s News of The Daily Telegraph recorded Mrs Walker ‘introduced a new note in nautical fashions with her chamois yellow suede shoes which matched the belt on her navy silk frock’ and that Mrs Phillips on the Diana made ‘an attractive ship board hostess in her navy tailored slacks, worn with a navy suede belt, adorned with sea dragons in red and white and a white nautical jacket’.


For the regatta celebrations, the Walkers were accompanied on board Lolita by Mr and Mrs E M Rowell, Mr and Mrs Stan Ravenscroft, Mrs R C Leslie, and Mr and Mrs W J Carrod. (32)


Also, in attendance at the December 1937 Pittwater Regatta, was the new Uralia (former first Lolita) with new owners Mr and Mrs C H Christmas.  They had been spending their holidays on their newly acquired Uralia at Refuge Bay with friends and their son, Ronald. (33)  Mrs Dawn Christmas was seen as a smart figure at the Regatta in her ‘blue floral playsuit, with halter neckline’.


Miss Roma Browne and Miss Dawn Christmas ‘who all wore cool yachting costumes when they took part in the Regatta at Pittwater yesterday’. (34)


The October 1938 Opening Regatta was spectacular and colourful.  Cruisers were bedecked with flags and pennants blending ‘perfectly with the white cruisers, sunshine and blue sky’.  It was one of the brightest aquatic functions with a record attendance from the visiting motor yacht clubs. (35)


Two months later, Walker again motored Lolita from Sydney Harbour to Broken Bay to join the 32nd Annual Pittwater Regatta.  Walker hosted a luncheon party on board Lolita and in the afternoon, took his guests for rides in his speedboat, Sinabada.  His daughter, Mrs Eric Rowell, acted as the hostess and was accompanied by her young son Alan. (36)


Spectators aboard the flagship Lolita include Mrs R C Leslie, Mrs W J Carrad, Mrs E M Rowell, Mr Eric Rowell, Mr G Hannon and Mr A D Walker. (37)  Also appears to include young Allan Rowell, grandson of A D Walker.


The newspaper once again took delight in describing the fashions – Mrs Rowell wore a ‘Hawaiian print frock in cyclamen toning’s’, Mrs Carrod a ‘tailored sharkskin coat over a striped navy and white frock’, and Mrs Leslie a ‘tailored ivory linen frock and shady white hat’.  Alan was a sailor-like figure complete with a yachting cap.



ARTHUR DOUGLAS WALKER was educated at the Church of England Grammar School and Sydney High School, and later studied under solicitor Dr J D Sly.

Walker was elected Mayor of Mosman from February 1914 to February 1915 and again from February 1918 to February 1920.

In 1919, when elected Mayor, he was noted as being one of Sydney’s busiest men.
(40)  Public calls on his time included; President of the Chamber of Manufacturers, a member of the Vocational Committee under the Repatriation Department for the training of disabled soldiers to enable them to resume their vocations, and Chairman of the Administrative Committee on pneumonic influenza.  He was also serving on the board of directors of several companies.

He was also well known for his interests in the chemical by-products industries and in manufacturing and commercial circles.

In 1920, he joined the Progressive Party and ran for the state seat of North Sydney.  He was unsuccessful.

During 1925 he purchased the stately residence, Tregoyd, in Raglan Street Mosman.  The residence had been owned for 33 years by Sir William and Lady Cullen and was described, at the time of auction, to have a large number of rooms, situated on three acres of land surrounded by excellent scenery. (41)

In 1946, his wife Emily died leaving two children – Frances Alison and a son with his father’s name, Arthur Douglas.  Frances married Eric Rowell.

Arthur Douglas Walker died in 1952.


A reason for the popularity of motor cruising, which by 1938 was reaching its pre-war zenith was eloquently described, ‘Some prefer to cruise quietly in the placid waters of the rivers, to idle along during the day with engine just ticking over, and the water burbling past the side of the boat, and at night to glide to a peaceful rest in some sheltered creek, where brush-covered hills drop steeply to the water’s edge, where the mariner can sit on deck and watch the shadows lengthen in the water as the shades of night blot out all but his own tiny world’. (42)


June 1939 saw the annual presentation of Regatta prizes hosted by Walker at his home, Tregoyd in Mosman. (43)  Frank West, publisher of the International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine attended describing Tregoyd as reflecting the beauty of an English mansion with splendid lawns, tree covered grounds and harbour views.  The guests were ‘lavishly entertained and speeches reflected the pleasant air of merriment and wit which prevailed throughout the evening’.  Secretary Allan Beveridge spoke of President A D Walker; ‘Although our president has modestly suppressed mention of his part in regatta preparation, it is well known that A D worked unceasingly in an endeavor to enroll as many regatta competitors as possible’, and ‘I have worked for three years with him, and he is undoubtedly the driving force behind the regatta, so necessary to functions of that nature’.  


By September 1939, Walker had resigned as Commodore of the club, and at the Annual General meeting he was elected a life member in recognition of his eight years of valuable leadership.


The following month, West described the forthcoming summer season, ‘No healthier sign appears on the entire motor-boating horizon than the greatly increased interest being taken this year in cruiser building.  The publisher has attended many launchings of modern craft during the past two months’.


Despite the outbreak of war in Europe, the October Opening Regatta proceeded to launch the 1939 -1940 boating season.  It was attended by more than thirty cruisers and speedboats. (44)  Luxury motor cruisers and streamlined speedboats provided an impressive spectacle, as the club’s flotilla paraded the designated course in full view of the spacious club house and received the salute from the new Commodore Sam Paul.  Both cruisers and speedboats, ‘filled to capacity with men and women in bright, nautical attire, blended to the gay atmosphere’ with guests and visitors from the Rose Bay, Toronto and Port Hacking clubs.


Walker, only recently retired from the position of Commodore, was presented with a grandfather clock. (45)  On rising to respond, Walker was given a rousing reception and it was evident from his expression that he was impressed by the thoughtfulness of his friends.  In responding, Walker paid special tribute to the General Secretary Bill Carrard with whom he had worked for nine years.  The club was free of debt and in a very sound financial position.


Frank West, said when Walker had taken over the reins of leadership in 1932, the club was in a very poor position owing to the depression, but by his determination, Walker with the co-operation of his officers, ensured the club recovered and progressed.  


After his lengthy period of service, it was contended that Walker deserved a rest, and ‘relaxation on his new pig farming property would be most beneficial’.  It seems the farm was on the Hawkesbury River with a deep-water frontage. (46)  

Rather than give up his association with the club entirely, Walker took up the position of President.


As with the Opening Regatta in October, the 33rd Annual Pittwater Regatta proceeded in December 1939.  Similar to previous regattas, the function was described as a ‘tremendous’ success. (47)  With the regatta in aid of the Lord Mayor’s Patriotic Fund, thousands of people arrived in cars and boats.  Many had already been at Palm Beach, Newport and neighbouring districts over the Christmas weekend.  Walker motored Lolita over 100 miles (160km) to the start.  The Lord Mayor attended in his own vessel – Silver Arrow.  


Walker was presented with a ‘beautiful silver cup’ which had been engraved by the donors – Mr Stuart Doyle of the vessel Miramar II and Commodore of the Rose Bay branch of the Royal Motor Yacht Club, Mr Williams of the vessel Brough Belle, Mr Christmas and members of their families.  


The cheery party onboard Lolita.  From left to right, Mrs A D Walker, Mrs E Rowell, Mrs D Baden-Powell, Mr E M Rowell, Mrs A D Walker Jnr., Master Alan Rowell, and Mr A D Walker Jnr.  This would be the last gathering of the Walker’s aboard their motor cruiser, Lolita. (48)


At some point in time, Walker sold Lolita.  It is unknown why he sold her, or why he stepped down as Commodore.  There is no mention in the media of his acquisition of another vessel or of any continued direct involvement with motor cruising.


Perhaps he was aware of the implications of the looming conflicts in Europe and rising anxieties over Japanese intentions in Asia and the Pacific, or perhaps he merely wished to retire to his pig farming property.


By March 1940, Lolita was in the hands of H C Small, the proprietor of Small’s Chocolates.  Small skippered her on the annual Easter Hawkesbury River cruise.  That year, there were only sixteen ‘motor cruisers’ sailing the 60 miles (96km) from Pittwater to Sackville.  Six of the cruisers were from the Rose Bay branch of the RMYC.  The vessels anchored at Wisemans Ferry before proceeding to Sackville for the annual speedboat and motor cruiser races with the Windsor Motor Boat Club. (49)  The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine recorded the ‘esteemed former Ex-Commodore’ A D Walker and his wife had forsaken their ‘orchards’ to cruise the river with Harold (Percy to his friends) Christmas and party in his vessel Toomeree.  When visiting the gathering, they were entertained by the Commodore on his vessel Hourglass.  Walker called on his ‘old sweetheart’ Lolita, and it was said it appeared difficult for him to tear himself away.  The magazine editor said he was led to believe Mr and Mrs Small endeavoured to the best of their abilities to ‘drown’ Walker’s ‘sorrow’ and although an offer was made by one of his former club members to ‘assist the poor farmer into his dinghy’, the offer was refused. (50)


The Walkers again hosted the Club’s annual prize presentation in June 1940 at their Mosman home. (51)  The President announced that he was pleased the club had done its share towards the Lord Mayor’s Fund by handing over a cheque for £80.  Mr Doyle moved a vote of thanks to the Walkers and hoped Mr Walker would continue in the future with the enthusiasm he had displayed in the past and assured him that he could rely on the support of the members of the RMYC.

6 The International Powerboat and Aquatic Monthly, 10 September 1934, p.6

7 The International Powerboat and Aquatic Monthly, 10 September 1935, p.1

8 The International Powerboat and Aquatic Monthly, 10 March 1937, p.1

9 The International Powerboat and Aquatic Monthly, 10 January 1936, p.1

10 Lolita was first registered in the Port of Sydney section of the Register of British Ships on 24 October 1929, Microfilm held by ANMM, Registration No. 155349, 13 of 1929.  The Register records she was constructed in 1929 but no launch date is given.

11 The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 February 1932, p.6

12 Referee (Sydney), 10 October 1935, p.15

13 The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney), 9 October 1933, p.12

14 Throughout this Historical Record, there are four men with the surname of Doyle, namely; Commodore Stuart F Doyle of the Royal Motor Yacht Club and owner of Miramar II,  Sub-Lieutenant John Ashton Doyle being a commander of HMAS Seamist (NAA: A6769, Doyle JA),  Horace Frederick Doyle being an Able Seaman on HMAS Yarroma (NAA: A6770, Doyle H F),  and Captain Alec Broughton Doyle being an Engineer at Garden Island during the Battle of Sydney Harbour (NAA: A6769, Doyle A B).  In addition but not included in this Record, Able Seaman David John Doyle served aboard HMAS Lolita during the Battle of Sydney Harbour (NAA: A6770, Doyle D J).

15 Image no 16624h by Sam Hood, 1937, Courtesy State Library of NSW

16 See Appendix A - Comparative Purchasing Value

17 One of the best accounts of the Shark Arm Affair can be found in The Shark Arm Murders by Castles A.  A new account Shark Arm by Phillip Roope and Kevin Meagher provides further insight into the affair.

18 Referee (Sydney), 17 September 1936, p.16

19 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 28 November 1936, p.22

20 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 1 December 1936, p.19

21 Referee (Sydney), 3 December 1936, p.17

22 The Sydney Morning Herald, 22 December 1936, p.6

23 Image No. 13590h by Sam Hood, 1937, Courtesy State Library of NSW.  A caption for this photograph included in the Pittwater Online News, Issue 155 of March 2014, identified this vessel as Hourglass owned by Sam Paul.  That is incorrect as Hourglass was only 38 ft in length.

24 Internal photographs fromThe International Power Boat and Aquatic Monthly, March 1937

25 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Monthly, January 1937, p.2

26 The Sydney Morning Herald, 10 April 1937, p.7. Advertising

27 Register of British Ships, Microfilm C2/13 held by ANMM, registration 155349, 13 in 1929.  Charles Henry Christmas died on 8 April 1938.  He was the father of Henry Percival (Percy) Christmas owner of Toomeree and Winbah.

28 Windsor and Richmond gazette (NSW), 7 May 1937, p.3

29 Image No. 13595h by Sam Hood, 1937, Courtesy State Library of NSW

30 The Referee (Sydney), 13 May 1937, p.12

31 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 28 December 1937, p.6

32 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 28 December 1937, p.6

33 The Sydney Morning Herald, 28 December 1937, p.3

34 The Sydney Morning Herald, 28 December 1937, p.3

35 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Monthly, January 1939, p.2

36 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 28 Dec. 1938, p.8

37 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 28 Dec. 1938, p.8.  Note The Daily Telegraph has used both Carrod and Carrad, whilst The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, refers to Secretary Bill Carrard (November 1939 – see below) and Secretary Bill Carrad (November 1938).

38 The International Powerboat and Aquatic Monthly, January 1936

39 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mayors_of_Mosman

40 Evening News (Sydney), 13 March 1919, p.10

41 The Sydney Morning Herald, 10 April 1925, p.8

42 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, December 1938, p.12

43 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, June 1939, p.49

44 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, November 1939, p.49

45 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, November 1939, p.10

46 Truth (Sydney), 22 June 1941, p.24

47 The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 December 1939, p.5., Daily News (Sydney), 23 December 1939, p.10

48 The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 December 1939, p.5

49 The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), 23 March 1940, p.16

50 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, April 1940

51 The International Power Boat and Aquatic Magazine, June 1940